Acpo manual of guidance on police use of firearms
No other person should handle any pyrotechnic, wiring or initiation device except under the direct instruction of the designated responsible person.
Officers should, however, take account of the fact that subjects may believe they are under fire, resulting in an escalation acpo of the situation.
Each of the ballistic protection levels set out in the hosdb publications can be combined with stab protection levels to offer dual stab and ballistic protection, see: hosdb (2007) Body Armour Standards for UK Police, police Part 3: police Knife and Spike Resistance 39-07-C.
This is a necessary move given that evidence presented at the appcg 's.Some forces maintain weapons in different calibres for both general and specialist use.AFOs who are issued with respirators must be trained in the correct use of the equipment.Equipment selected should be appropriate for the purpose for which it is issued.Effects Used in appropriate quantities and in enclosed spaces, CS can reduce a persons offensive capability and the extent of their acpo coordinated action.Risk assessment Forces must regularly review the threats, via the Strategic Firearms Threat and Risk Assessment, to which officers are being exposed.Smoke producing devices should not be used in confined spaces unless specifically guidance intended for use in such environments.Advice on relevant standards can be obtained from cast.Safe use Trained personnel should be responsible for all handling, setting up and firing of pyrotechnics.Storage Further Information Taser storage AEP storage Chief officers must ensure manual that there are secure armoury facilities for storing acpo firearms and munitions held for operational and training purposes.Administration and record keeping The system of accounting for weapons and ammunition (including Taser) must provide an audit trail for the movement of weapons, and of the issue and use of ammunition.Pyrotechnics which produce a large range of visual, sound and smoke effects are commercially available. 29 February 2008 (Edition 2) hosdb Guidance Note 9D/08: Storage of Explosives in Police Facilities (Compatibility and Mixing Rules).
Types of weapon, weapon types used by the police service include: handguns, including self-loading pistols and revolvers carbines and rifles precision rifles fitted with telescopic sights conducted energy devices (Taser X26 and X2 37 mm attenuating energy projectile (AEP) launchers, L104A1/2 with L18A1/2 optic sight.Tactical training in the use of CS will emphasise the precautions to be king taken in relation to self-contamination, appropriate restraint techniques and aftercare of subjects.Terms such as bullet resistant, ballistically protected and body armour are used in favour of terms like bulletproof to recognise that the degree of protection offered depends on the type of weapon and ammunition used and the nature of the attack.In manual situations firearms where threat and risk assessment justifies visually protecting the identity of AFOs, balaclavas or face-overs can provide a degree of protection.Even then, where possible, staff should not be exposed to concentrations of smoke unless wearing suitable respirators.Aftercare For information on aftercare for acpo persons exposed to incapacitant sprays see the acpo Personal Safety Manual (available via ncalt, which is a restricted online tool with access limited to registered users).Body armour and ballistic protection A quality guidance framework process in respect of body armour standards has been developed by cast, acpo, police staff associations and forces.A petition calling on police forces across the country to implement police these recommendations has already obtained 8,000 signatures and will be presented to acpo in late October.All ammunition purchased should be accompanied by a proof house pressure certificate giving details of its mean service pressure.Commanders authorising the use of forcible entry equipment (also referred to as method of entry (MOE) equipment) need to be fully aware of the implications associated with its use.Instructions on safe handling and detonation procedures must be carefully adhered.Percussion grenades Use of percussion grenades may create a risk of fire, blast and fragmentation.Operational requirement, chief officers are responsible for establishing the operational requirement for their police areas in order to determine a policy for providing weapons requiring manual special authorisation, and the equipment, training and accreditation of users.Weapons organisation in an armoury should segregate operational and training weapons, and weapons stored for other reasons. Research and evaluation of less lethal weapons and their introduction into operational police use is coordinated by a steering group chaired by the Home Office.
Contents, introduction, officers and police staff should, as far as is practical and appropriate to their roles, be provided with information on the nature of the equipment and its function (including its capabilities limitations and risk factors associated with its use.
In appropriate situations shotgun breaching rounds can be used to rapidly deflate the tyres of a vehicle which has been brought under control, acpo manual of guidance on police use of firearms in a way which minimises risk.
Weapon selection, forces must be able to show an audit trail for the procurement of any firearms or less lethal weapons they purchase.
Acpo in conjunction with cast, has provided guidance on hearing protection while using percussion grenades in both operational and training environments.
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